Symptoms and Causes of Convenital Heart Disease

A Congenital heart disease(CHD) or a congenital heart problem is a condition that is present at birth. The areas impacted include:

  • Arteries.
  • Heart valves
  • Capillaries.

There are many types of illnesses ranging from mild problems to severe, deadly ones.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is reporting that approximately one million adults and a similar number of children have congenital heart problems. 

Advances in care and treatment have enhanced the prognosis for young ones with heart issues to nearly one hundred percent. Some people have heart defects and need ongoing care. Some people with this condition lead effective lives amid dealing with the disease.

Types of Congenital Disease

There are multiple forms of this disease, however, they can be split into three primary categories: valve, wall, and vessel defects.

For the heart valve defects, the valves in the heart are blocked or leak. This causes the heart to pump blood inefficiently.

For the wall, severe heart defects may prevent the development of the natural walls that separate the left and right sides of the heart, and also prevents the development of the upper and lower chambers of the heart. The defect causes the heart to work harder, which increases blood pressure.

As for vessels, the blood vessels that normally carry blood to the heart and back to the body may be abnormal. This can limit blood flow, leading to health complications.

Cyanotic and Acyanotic Classifications

Congenital heart defect is typically classified as either cyanotic or acyanotic. The heart isn’t circulating blood as adequately as it should. 

Cyanotic congenital heart disease means the oxygen levels are poor in the blood, and acyanotic does not cause that issue. 

Babies with low oxygen may develop breathing difficulties and their skin becomes a slightly blue shade. Babies with enough oxygen do not show symptoms but are still prone to developing high blood pressure as they get older.

How Is CHD Treated?

Heart defects are often discovered during pregnancy ultrasounds. When your doctor picks up a heartbeat that’s out of the norm, they may further analyze by conducting specific examinations. 

The various tests might comprise an echocardiogram, an X-ray of the chest area, or an MRI. Once a diagnosis is formulated, the relevant experts will be ready throughout the delivery.

Symptoms of a congenital heart defect may not appear until a little after birth. They may experience symptoms such as: 

  • Slightly blue limbs, skin, and mouth.
  • Breathing difficulties.
  • feeding complications
  • Abnormal birth weight.
  • Pain in the chest 
  • Developmental delays

For some, symptoms of a heart defect may not appear until adulthood. Symptoms that may develop are…

  • Unusual heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Breathing
  • Losing consciousness
  • Swelling
  • Exhaustion

What causes CHD?

Congenital heart disease results from a developmental problem in the heart’s system. The defect commonly impedes the natural flow of blood through the heart which impacts breathing. 

Researchers believe there are a number of possible causes for this, including: